Using chemical pesticides in pest control can lead to pesticide pollution and residues that pose significant environmental risks. Pesticides can contaminate soil and water bodies and harm non-target organisms.
Soil contamination can persist, impacting soil health and the ecosystem. Runoff from pesticide-treated fields can pollute nearby water sources, affecting aquatic life and human drinking water. Non-target organisms like beneficial insects and birds can suffer.
Additionally, pesticide residues on crops can enter the human food chain, potentially leading to health issues. To mitigate these risks, responsible pesticide use, reduced reliance on chemicals, and integrated pest management (IPM) practices are essential for effective pest control while safeguarding the environment.